Production of high - quality seed is fundamental to modern agriculture. Most annual crops are established each season from seeds, and seed quality can have a major impact on potential crop yield.
To present up-to-date knowledge and enhanced capacity on best practice for seed production and certification.
Design, implement, analyze and report on research and development in seed production and quality assurance and acquire up-to-date information and knowledge on research and practical activities in seed production in the country.
Production of high quality seed is an exacting task. The seed producers take many steps to protect genetic integrity, including ensuring the integrity of their planting seed, properly identifying and labelling plants and fields, planting seeds on clean land which has not been used to grow the same plant in the recent pasts, remove rogue plants and employing physical isolation or hand pollination - to ensure that pollination only occurs among plants of the desired variety. Farmers should have a transparent knowledge on transplanting and direct seeding. The lack of access to quality seed is widely considered a major constraint for adoption and impact from investments on agriculture research for development. So this approach exposed the farmers to new concepts in quality seed production and certification to bring about the greater efficiency and effectiveness in the national seed delivery systems.
Organic farming refers to the cultivation of plants and rearing of animals in natural ways making us of biological materials and avoiding synthetic substances to maintain soil fertility and ecological balance thereby minimizing pollution and wastage.
A farmer practicing organic agriculture needs to improve his skill in implementing the organic inputs in agriculture field.
A farmer needs to be trained:
1. On soil health management
2. Garden , field tillage and cultivation
3. Propagation and greenhouse management
4. Irrigation - principles and practices
5. Selecting and cover crops
6. Making and using compost
7. Pest management
8. Practice of Integrated Farming System (IFS)
Vermi composting is a method of preparing enriched compost with the use of earthworms. It is one of the easiest methods to recycle agricultural wastes and to produce quality compost.
It is essential to follow the key steps for practicing vermiculture such as;
1. Selection and collection of vermicomposting materials.
2. Selection of types of earthworms use in vermiculture.
3. Method of vermicomposting (Bed and Pit method).
4. Harvesting of vermicompost.
Honey has been highly prized for its flavour, as well as nutritional and medicinal values by the local communities.
For promotion and development of scientific beekeeping in the country, below mentioned points should be followed:
1. Development and Multiplication of Bee stock.
2. Production of bee colonies by bee breeders.
3. Beekeepers / farmers must practice scientific bee keeping, which includes extraction of honey from Super Chamber, use of queen excluder, use of food grade plastic honey containers
4. Never use antibiotics in bee colonies.
5. Extract only sealed Honey.
6. Advice provides by the consultancy agency / agricultural institutions for scientific bee keeping, time to time, may be adopted.
Farmers should get the training on following activities:
1. Development of nucleus stock production.
2. Capacity building programmes and training of bee breeders, processing, etc.
3. Initial steps for quality honey production and other bee - hive products for domestic and overseas markets besides enhancing productivity of various crops through Bee pollination.
1. To make a sufficient supply of vermin compost for applying organic fertilizer in agriculture filed for maintenance the quality of tea.
2. To train the tea growers in application of vermi compost.
3. Practice of Agri - silviculture to control the establishment , growth , health and quality of forests to meet the diverse needs and values of the local people.
4. To train the tea garden workers and rural women in making of handicrafts and for mushroom cultivation (Oyster) for self employment.
5. Use of sprinkler irrigation in tea cultivation.
Increasing the availability of fodder and feed to substantially reduce the demand - supply gap through measures which include more area coverage under quality fodder seeds, technology promotion, extension, post harvest management and processing with respect to its diverse agro-climatic conditions.
Promoting initiatives for conservation and genetic upgradation of indigenous breeds of livestock
Providing infrastructure and linkage for marketing, processing and value addition as forward linkage for this farmer's enterprises.
Farmers must be trained on the following points:
1. Uses of animals
2. Different breeds of animal
3. Health issues of animals
4. Artificial Insemination (A.I.)
Participatory Guarantee Systems (PGS) is a locally focused quality assurance system. They certify producers based on active participation of stakeholders and are built on a foundation trust, social networks and knowledge exchange.
PGS - India (Participatory Guarantee System of India) is a quality assurance initiative that is locally relevant.
PGS - India system is based on participatory approach, a shared vision, transparency and trust. In addition it gives PGS movement a National recognition and institutional structure.
Participation is an essential and dynamic part of PGS. Participation embodies the principle of collective responsibility for ensuring the organic integrity of the PGS.
This collective responsibility reflected through:
1. Shared ownership of the PGS
2. Stakeholder engagement in the development and operation process.
3. Understanding of how the system works.
4. Direct communication between producers and consumers and other stakeholders.
Soil Health Card (SHC) is a Government of India's scheme promoted by the Department of Agriculture & Co-operation under the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers' Welfare. It is being implemented through the Department of Agriculture of all the State and Union Territory Governments. A SHC is meant to give each farmer soil nutrient status of his/her holding and advice him/her on the dosage of fertilizers and also the needed soil amendments, that s/he should apply to maintain soil health in the long run.
SHC is a printed report that a farmer will be handed over for each of his holdings. It will contain the status of his soil with respect to 12 parameters, namely N,P,K (Macro-nutrients) ; S (Secondary- nutrient) ; Zn, Fe, Cu, Mn, Bo (Micro - nutrients) ; and pH, EC, OC (Physical parameters). Based on this, the SHC will also indicate fertilizer recommendations and soil amendment required for the farm.
The card will contain an advisory based on the soil nutrient status of a farmer's holding. It will show recommendations on dosage of different nutrients needed. Further, it will advise the farmer on the fertilizers and their quantities he should apply, and also the soil amendments that he should undertake, so as to realize optimal yields.
It will be made available once in a cycle of 3 years, which will indicate the status of soil health of a farmer's holding for that particular period. The SHC given in the next cycle of 3 years will be able to record the changes in the soil health for that subsequent period.
Soil samples will be drawn in a grid of 2.5 ha in irrigated area and 10 ha in rain- fed area with the help of GPS tools and revenue maps.
The State Government will collect samples through the staff of their Department of Agriculture or through the staff of an outsourced agency. The State Government may also involve the students of local Agriculture / Science Colleges.
Soil Samples are taken generally two times in a year, after harvesting of Rabi and Kharif Crop respectively or when there is no standing crop in the field.
Soil Samples will be collected by a trained person from a depth of 15-20 cm by cutting the soil in a "V" shape. It will be collected from four corners and the centre of the field and mixed thoroughly and a part of this picked up as a sample. Areas with shade will be avoided. The sample chosen will be bagged and coded. It will then be transferred to soil test laboratory for analysis.
We have Soil Testing Laboratory situated at Sevoke Road,2nd Mile, Siliguri. We are tested around 20000 Soil Samples during 2015-17 cycle & 15000 Soil Samples during 2017- 19 cycle.